Pile Cap Design

We have a global distribution network with one of the most advanced and complete lines of deep foundation equipment available. CORRECTION: Kh & Kv I have put here in kN/m unit, but it will be in kN/mm unit. Pile cap and Piles. They are typically used for circular cell design. Dock Builders Supply, The Complete Marine Construction Warehouse, Your discount source for floating dock supplies, pile caps, pile wrap, fish cleaning stations, coatings, cleats, ladders, rub rails, hardware, tools and much more. Pile Contractors' specially trained crews have provided deep foundation and shoring solutions for over 700 projects in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. 5 Sizing of the pile cap. Foundation services compliment Wood’s pulsation, mechanical, torsional, and skid design, resulting in an integrated solution. DATA:-Pile Diameter : 400 mm Column Dimension B x D : 400 x 600 mm Axial Load : 600 KN Concrete Mix : M20 Steel Grade : Fe 415 DESIGN : - 1. this can be used by architects and interior design. Pile Cap Design Include Pile Eccentricity by WSD Method ก pile cap app ˘ˇ ˆ ˙ ˝˛˚˜ ˜ ! "#˝! ˇ$˘ ˛$! #˘ %& $˝˚ ' ! ก ˆ $. This allows the user to quickly specify a minimum pile embedment, or instantly check the capacity of pile groups installed at a certain level. Product Features:. The cast concrete pile cap distributes the load of the building into the. Instructional Materials Complementing FEMA P-751, Design Examples Pile/Pier Foundations View of cap with column above and piles below Foundation Design - 29 Passive resistance (see Figure 4. It usually forms part of the deep foundation of a building, typically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment, or of a bridge. Worked examples presented at the Workshop “Eurocode 7: Geotechnical Design” Dublin, 13-14 June, 2013 Support to the implementation, harmonization and further development of the Eurocodes. The Pile load capacity calculation will determine the ultimate load the pile foundation can take under service load condition. , dead, live, or live roof) or environmental. The axial loads on the column are due to dead and live loads and. • Pile layout plan in accordance with Clause 5. Similarly shear reinforcement is introduced to the pile caps in case there is a restriction to the depth of pile caps. b) Pile caps are to be designed to BS 8004 but CI 3. This method statement covers the detailed procedure to be followed for the scaffolding, formwork, rebar fixing and concreting operation of footing, pedestals and pile caps, also to explain how footing, pile caps, trenches, grade beam and grade slab work shall be carried out under controlled conditions. ( 0,65 the full fixed moment). Balaram February 22, 2020. 00 2) and FEM-Design (13. pile; n1 is the number of rows in the pile group and n2 is the number of columns in the pile group. Product Features:. For combinations other than 2/3 pile, Moment is calculated at column face in both direction (Considering each pile reaction and pile location. Edit: The pile cap design has two general approaches, Rigid or Flexible. In addition to the pile caps, The New NY Bridge will also feature a driving surface comprised of 5,960 precast panels on the approaches and approximately 1,000 panels on the main span. Attachment of Excel Sheets 1- Pile Cap Design Calculations for CSI SAFE https://civilmdc. This is a program for the analysis of a laterally loaded pile. I exported the model and the loads from RSS, but now I'm trying to model the piles. They may also be used as a support for a railing or safety barrier. Design-wise, the pile cap design uses a truss system principle that can be designed using a strut and tie method. Ideal for residential decks it is also used for larger decking projects such as those found at mining camps and accommodation structures. ICE® is the largest manufacturer of pile driving and drilling equipment in North America while also having the largest rental fleet in the industry. Design combinations will automatically be added based on the selected design code, including strength and service combinations. Input consists of the properties of the soil layers along the pile shaft, and the force and moment applied at the top of the pile, in a number of loading steps. Pile bent, V-pier, abutment and other types of caps need not be considered. Attachment of Excel Sheets 1- Pile Cap Design Calculations for CSI SAFE https://civilmdc. Flexural design for pile cap. This is a program for the analysis of a laterally loaded pile. Call us at 1-800-677-4710 today!. A One-of-a-Kind Design Guide. pile cap design assumptions recommendations the structural world pilecapdimen spreadsheet for everyone to eurocode 2 indian. This design example is basically the same as Track 1, Example 1, with additional construction control involving pile retaps (or restrikes) at 3 days after EOD. (2) An analysis of the frequency dependent impedance characteristics of the foundation system under cyclic loading, in the form of a foundation stiffness matrix. Highly complex formulae with numerous empirical variants could result in expensive design and construction to save a couple of reinforcing bars. Solved! Go to Solution. It usually forms part of the foundation of a building, typically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment. Hardwood or composite rubbing strips. 1 StStrut Strut CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION TO STRUT-AND-TIE MODELS 1. The term "pile cap" may be used to describe a reinforced concrete slab constructed on top of a group of foundation piles to evenly displace or spread the load they are to carry. Pile Cap Design Guide - seapa. There are three models of Redeb bracket - the RSB500, RSB600 and RSB700. The pile cap connection can be made by the use of field-placed dowel(s) anchored in the concrete pile. The pile tops may be trimmed to ensure they are at the same height. Crosscheck the forces on the pile. Foundation services compliment Wood’s pulsation, mechanical, torsional, and skid design, resulting in an integrated solution. A grade beam is exactly what it sounds like, a beam. Pile cap and Piles. The piles are D= 350mm diameter cylindrical concrete piles. Design Of Pile Cap. This is a well thought out cap that is perfect for any outdoor activity. Once the specifications have been introduced by the user, the editor can check to see whether the pile cap complies with the modifications that have been introduced or design the pile cap. concrete cap serves to mask the inevitable irregularities in sheet pile length, penetration depth and line. 0 This software identifies lateral soil movements during embankment construction and deep excavation for basement construction, which induces additional bending moments, shear forces and deflections in adjacent pile foundations. For pur-poses of designing the. The purpose of this program is to allow GDOT MicroStation users to create and revise Pile Bent input files. 2 Wood Advantages. Design of struts, ties, and nodal zones shall be based on: The nominal compressive strength of a strut without longitudinal reinforcement: F ns = f cu A c. Engineering Excel Spreadsheet Downloads Civil Engineering Resources. (2) Pile Group Graphics (CPGG) which displays geometry and the results of CPGA. The above design assumptions and recommendations are considered as guidelines in considering pile cap as your choice of foundation. Foundations provide support for structures, transferring their load to layers of soil or rock that have sufficient bearing capacity and suitable settlement characteristics. Designing a pile cap seems to be complicated because a lot of considerations need to take into account to achieve a safe and sound foundation. The three main approaches that are used in the analysis of pile caps are; Truss […]. Pile Cap Design Guide Introduction to Pile Cap Design - Loads • The guide considers pile caps that are loaded by columns supported directly at the centroid of the pile cap • All loads must be applied to the pile cap at the column-to-pile cap interface • Any combination of gravity loads (i. making pile cap partially flexible. To make distinctions between the equations quoted from the Code and the equations derived in this Manual, the former will be prefixed by (Ceqn) and. What is a Pile Cap Design? A reinforced concrete slab or block which interconnects a group of piles and acts as a medium to transmit the load from wall or column to the Piles is called a Pile Cap. 5 Sizing of the pile cap. The pile design is carried out based on the reaction force computed from the unfactored load by considering the eccentricity along with self-weight of pile cap. Design the pile cap shown in the following figure with 12 in. Minimum tailwater depth TW =1. Setup of reinforcement. Attachment of Excel Sheets 1- Pile Cap Design Calculations for CSI SAFE https://civilmdc. My questions are: What is the most suitable level for a grade/tie beam is it at the slab-on-grade level or the footing level and what will happen if the beam is at the S. xls), PDF File (. The cast concrete pile cap distributes the load of the building into the piles. Tabulated designs are also provided for all aforementioned pile cap configurations and a wide range of vertical loading, lateral loading, and overturning effects. It's free to sign up and bid on jobs. In the finite element analysis, the pile cap collapsed because of a shear failure. You need to check moment, one way shear (perpendicular and diagonal directions) and two way shear for pile cap. Similarly shear reinforcement is introduced to the pile caps in case there is a restriction to the depth of pile caps. These methods have consistently provided successful retaining structures that have performed well in service. FLUTED APEX PIER CAP (L) 380mm x (W) 380mm (1. Overview ♦ Introduction 2. This type of reinforcement is required in case there is a limitation on the depth of pile caps. Search for jobs related to Pile cap design example bs8110 or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 17m+ jobs. Inverted Tee Reinforced Concrete Bent Caps. Furthermore, in the interest of simplified supply, the Quartermaster wanted to replace multiple other cold weather caps and hats with one design. It should hv intergated two part. (PDF) DESIGN OF PILE & PILE CAP DESIGN OF PILE CAP – C1, C2 | Tushar Patil - Academia. pdf), Text File (. PROCEDURE FOR THE DESIGN. 0 1% of working piles (to 1. Detailed information is presented on pile design principles and criteria. design if cap, the bending moment developed in the cap section are important. 2 Wood Advantages. When the Design Handbook pile cap design tables were developed, pile allowable loads exceeding 200 tons were not common. The piles consist of 324 mm (12. Pasco Pile Driving Inc. It also provides for evaluation of as-built pile arrangements and to provide for repair solutions to existing conditions. for pile cap shear design based on bending theory. As such, Bureau policy requires designers to check if the pier cap formwork for typical frame and T-piers can be removed when the concrete strength of the pier cap reaches 2. Surefoot is the concrete free screw pile alternative that is revolutionising the pile foundation industry: Surefoot is a high strength, hybrid ‘all-in-one’ steel footing, Surefoot is designed to increase efficiency when resisting gravity, uplift, shear and moment loads. Edit: The pile cap design has two general approaches, Rigid or Flexible. ( 0,65 the full fixed moment). G&P Professionals is a One Stop Specialist Engineering Consultancy that provides engineering services in the areas of geotechnical, civil & structural, infrastructure, flood mitigation, maritime, claims & contracts, highways, railways & transportation, dams and project management. eLearning. The dead weight of the pile cap is generally added to the total load. Pile Foundations •More economic to be used when solid bearing stratum i. The cast concrete pile cap distributes the load of the building into the piles. Kindly bear in mind that at the end of the day, it is always the structural engineer's decision and judgment will still follow depending on your guts and prerogative, but at least the above basic knowledge can help you dig in and explore pile cap designing. No treatment; the pile is simply embedded in the pile cap. Register for Member Meetings. When the Design Handbook pile cap design tables were developed, pile allowable loads exceeding 200 tons were not common. The most common shapes of pile caps are. Per ACI 318-08 section 21. The pile cap is assumed rigid and the distribution is performed by calculating the properties of the pile group. US Army Corps of Engineers CHL: Steven Hughes, PhD Design of Maritime Structures Steven A. The moment for short direction. The amount that the pile sinks indicates the soil bearing capacity, which an. Pile cap will be designed for long and short direction. Pile Foundations Design The pile foundations should be carefully designed in accordance with the soil and load conditions, and the cost. The axial loads on the column are due to dead and live loads and. The contains comprehensive technical content and practical design examples utilizing approximately 30 different, yet commonly used, pile cap configurations. From a practical viewpoint, we need design approaches that minimise sensitivity to the estimated pile capacity. 3- Amount of steel to be provided. Grooving (cut or cast in place) the pile surface to provide additional mechanical bond. All the loadings for the foundation design are taken from the above building design. UK standards BS 8110 and BS 5400 apply to pile caps design formulae originally developed for one-way spanning RC beams. 14 As soon as the concrete had set in a series of the pile caps, workmen removed the forms and replaced any fill removed in the course of work. 600 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Load (kips) Deflection. (and cost) for a pile cap. 203, RS2875. Consider f y =60 Ksi and f' C =3 Ksi. If you don't see it here on this site, give us a call. These webinars presented by the author of the CRSI's Design Guide for Pile Caps providing the practicing engineer with a detailed overview of pile cap design, detailing, and analysis methodologies that represent the current state of practice in the industry. Drawings and Calculations. design approach by the Wood Armer Equations which are extensively used by computer methods are also included in the Appendices in this Manual for design of slabs, flexible pile caps and footings. 0 NOTATION fbu Distance between two rows of bars resisting bending moment Area of steel in tension Embedment of pile into pile cap Diameter or width of pile Ultimate anchorage bond stress Characteristic yield strength of reinforcement Design ultimate bond stress Characteristic cube strength of concrete at 28 days. Helical Pier Cad Drawings for AB Chance. Technical Presentation – Site Specific Pile Design to Australian Standards AS2159 2009 – AS2870 2011 – AS4100 1998 – AS1163 2009 – AS1170. It is to design reinforced concrete pile cap (in rectangular shape with main bar and secondary bar direction perpendicular to each other) and determine each pile load for a designed pile group, which is arranged either in symmetrical and unsymmetrical. 5 Sizing of the pile cap. Shape and Size of Pile Caps The shape and plan dimensions of the pile cap depends on the number of piles in the group and the spacing between each pile. (9) Pile Group Flexible (CPGF) which extends the capability of CPGA to account for the flexibility of the base slab or pile cap. Summary of Loads and moments at pile cap bottom Sr. The advent of new 16-inch and 18-inch HP sections with higher allowable loads has necessitated the need of an expanded scope that includes pile allowable loads up to 400 tons. The pile cap has a reaction that is a series of concentrated loads (the piles); and the design considers the column loads and moments, any soil overlying the cap (if it is below the ground surface), and the weight of the cap. Helical Anchors Inc is a manufacturer for Helical Pile, Helical Piers, and Helical Anchors. The shed solid pile cap disperses the burden of the structure into the pyramids. 5 may be used as a guide when there are up to six piles in the pile group. Abstract: This invention pertains to a novel head or head and shoulder covering which can be. Design of struts, ties, and nodal zones shall be based on: The nominal compressive strength of a strut without longitudinal reinforcement: F ns = f cu A c. Geometry of the pile-cap Try an overall depth h=1000mm with an average effective depth of 900mm, the spacing between piles = 3×500=1500mm and assuming an overhang of 400mm both ways. Engineering background of the design of pile caps when subject to vertical and horizontal loads, and biaxial bending. Pile Cap Design Include Pile Eccentricity by WSD Method ก pile cap app ˘ˇ ˆ ˙ ˝˛˚˜ ˜ ! "#˝! ˇ$˘ ˛$! #˘ %& $˝˚ ' ! ก ˆ $. Then they poured a layer of. From a practical viewpoint, we need design approaches that minimise sensitivity to the estimated pile capacity. the critical section of shear will be checked to verify pile cap capacity. If you look at the second image, the footprint, length A is not the overall length. Sheet Pile Wall (no type of anchor If the design objective is to calculate the installation torque of vertical anchors in sand, click the proper link in the Table. v - part 11 date: 21jan2011 sheet 1 of 9. Design combinations will automatically be added based on the selected design code, including strength and service combinations. Especially with the pile caps, these can induce buckling in the sheet piling. The design procedures included in this manual are in common use today by most engineers involved in the design of sheet pile retaining structures. For pile caps that are initially buried the appropriate unsupported pile length should be based on th e anticipated scour depth below the bottom of the pile cap or seal concrete. Appendix B - Column-to-Pile Cap Connections; Appendix C - Pile-to-Pile Cap Connections; This design guide has been developed to provide the practicing engineer with a detailed overview of pile cap design, detailing, and analysis methodologies that represent the current state of practice in the industry. 2- Depth of pile cap. • Indication of soffit level of pile cap or headstock. Pile caps can be designed using the truss analogy or using the bending theories. Pile Group Analysis and Pile Cap Design. Product Features:. The moment for short direction will be produced from three pile. PILE CAP: A pile cap is a special footing needed to transmit the column load to a group or cluster of piles. TorcSill embodies safety and quality in prompt execution. In the current version of Revit StruXML Add-In (1. Pile Diameter 600mm; Design Load 3000 kN; Cover to the reinforcement 50mm; Grade of concrete 30; Characteristic strength of steel as 500 N/mm 2; Size of the column on the pile cap 500x500mm; Calculate the dimensions of the pile cap. Their is a method where you model the three piles and pile cap like a 3D truss with elements connecting the piles and the piles to the column. Three-dimensional compression. Pile Raft Analysis: The pile raft analysis builds on the pile cap module by enabling the user to consider the contribution of soil pressures under the pile cap. the critical section of shear will be checked to verify pile cap capacity. Attachment of Excel Sheets 1- Pile Cap Design Calculations for CSI SAFE https://civilmdc. The pile caps editor also allows the user to change the type of pile cap, modify its dimensions and reinforcement, and select the type of pile. The shed solid pile cap disperses the burden of the structure into the pyramids. 4 billion has exited from the $20 billion iShares Short Treasury Bond. EXAMPLE 9: PILE CAP. Our aim is to enable all those involved in the design, use and performance of concrete and masonry to realise the potential of these materials. The column is reinforced with longitudinal bars of 12 No. The design horizontal force will act as axial force in the grade beam (axial tension and compression). Bottom pictures illustrate pile foundation design and dynamic analysis. I exported the model and the loads from RSS, but now I'm trying to model the piles. Pile Cap for 1 Piles - Free download as Excel Spreadsheet (. No of piles = 1560 / 900 No of piles = 2. Easy way to Design Pile Cap in Staad Foundation Advanced using Foundation Toolkit. Welcome to the official web site for the book, Helical Piles: A Practical Guide to Design and Installation, by Howard A. It calculates the lateral displacements of the pile for a lateral load and a moment applied at the head of the pile. the force and displacement on the pile cap, such as the axial force (tension and compression) of each pile on the pile cap, the lateral forces (shear and moment) of each pile on the pile cap, and the displacement of the pile cap in different direc-tions. Estimate the volume of an excavated pile of material in cubic yards. design if cap, the bending moment developed in the cap section are important. Main Reinforcement Pile caps are design either using bending theory or using the truss analogy. , An unbiased, comprehensive, review of the design, technology, installation, and application of helical piles, screw piles, helical piers, helical anchors, and torque anchors for foundations, retaining walls, and shoring. White Pile Cap 315mm INSIDE DIAMETER Pile Caps are made from U. The pile cap should normally be rigid so as to distribute the forces equally on the piles of a group. a) This standard applies to both the design of driven and bored piles (CI 2. Once the pile cap has been cast and cured and the hydraulic lifting jack system is in place, the pile cap was lifted off the shutter, and the soffit shutter system was removed from un-derneath. Hughes, PhD, PE Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory US Army Engineer Research and Development Center. 8 and concrete strengths less 12 than 41 MPa. Pile caps can be designed using the truss analogy or using the bending theories. Everlast Synthetic Products is a leading manufacturer of vinyl sheet & composite piling for seawalls. Concrete Benefits. the pile cap should be avoided. The column is placed in the centroid of the pile group. It also provides for evaluation of as-built pile arrangements and to provide for repair solutions to existing conditions. ASDIP FOUNDATION is a structural engineering software for footing design. The critical section for two-way shear located at d/2 around column edge. This course is a good introductory course for engineers new to the design and analysis of pile cap design and is a good refresher for experienced engineers. FLUTED APEX PIER CAP (L) 380mm x (W) 380mm (1. Beranda EBOOK Pile Cap Design. SS5, SS150, SS175, RS2875. The pile cap’s depth. The pile cap should overhang the outer piles, typically by a distance of 100-150 mm on all sides, depending on the size of the piles. 5 x representative load) 0. This is commonly used in building foundations with the geographical locations. It holds the wood for absorbind mechanical hit of hammer. Scour is the removal or erosion of soil from around piles, shafts, or. Is there a certain program that is good for pile cap design?Does anyone still use quick and dirty hand methods? I am refering to the structural design of the pile cap, not the distribution of forces to the individual piles. diameter piles and a service load capacity of 50 tons each. Pile Caps Precast concrete Pile Caps are a superior solution to cast-in-place concrete caps, providing significant schedule acceleration for both bridge and fixed-pier structures. Everlast Synthetic Products is a leading manufacturer of vinyl sheet & composite piling for seawalls. of 3” into cap/footing and at least 4” from edges of cap/footing. This cap is slammed five times with a sledge hammer (right), and the pile's height is measured again. Our project partners know we will deliver on time and within budget, every time. Our points and shoes are made from carbon steel cast to ASTM A 27, grade 63-35. the soil, footings must be design to • Prevent excessive settlement • Minimize differential settlement, and • Provide adequate safety against overturning and sliding. Wood’s expertise in machinery design and dynamics, combined with in-house experts is unique. Load tests determine the allowable load, the settlement under working load, or the soundness of a pile. Like all of our programs, it also provides detailed reports. Laterally Loaded Pile Design. My questions are: What is the most suitable level for a grade/tie beam is it at the slab-on-grade level or the footing level and what will happen if the beam is at the S. This contains comprehensive technical. This is a program for the analysis of a laterally loaded pile. This method statement covers the detailed procedure to be followed for the scaffolding, formwork, rebar fixing and concreting operation of footing, pedestals and pile caps, also to explain how footing, pile caps, trenches, grade beam and grade slab work shall be carried out under controlled conditions. It includes the design of concrete pile caps based on the latest ACI 318 provisions and CRSI Design Guide. A similar structure to a pile cap is a “raft”, which is a concrete foundation oor resting directly onto soft soil which may be liable to subsidence. Consider end conditions to avoid failure due to flanking 10. When the Design Handbook pile cap design tables were developed, pile allowable loads exceeding 200 tons were not common. Attachment of Excel Sheets 1- Pile Cap Design Calculations for CSI SAFE https://civilmdc. , 2 feet for a 12 inch diameter pile) to 6 inches, which would essentially introduce a hinge at the pile/pile cap interface; or (3) incorporate a mechanical hinge such as that. Search for jobs related to Pile cap design example bs8110 or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 17m+ jobs. design of pile and pile cap Hi, kindly, could I get a tutorial about designing a pile and a pile cap on robot structural analysis? thank you. Column size = 1200 mm x 1200mm square Pile diameter = 1500 mm No. RE: 3 Group Pile Cap Design jayrod12 (Structural) 2 Feb 17 17:40. Register for Member Meetings. Pile Cap Design. consider 150mm. Design of Pile Cap for Two Piles as per BS8110This user-friendly spreadsheet allows you to design a two-pile pile cap using BS8110. Examples of STM Models & Reinforcement (Schlaich et al 1987) Limiting Stresses for Truss Design of struts, ties, and nodal zones shall be based on:. 85 Preliminary and 1% of working piles 0. Overview ♦ Introduction 2. 3H at design discharge. A pile cap is a thick concrete mat that rests on concrete or timber piles that have been driven into soft or unstable ground to provide a suitable stable foundation. Foundations ♦ Guidance 3. Length of pile (from pile cap bottom) = 18. This design example is basically the same as Track 1, Example 1, with additional construction control involving pile retaps (or restrikes) at 3 days after EOD. Indeed, at the column/pile cap interface, only the load NNNdc d ds=− is transferred immediately to the con-. (PDF) DESIGN OF PILE & PILE CAP DESIGN OF PILE CAP – C1, C2 | Tushar Patil - Academia. TorcSill embodies safety and quality in prompt execution. This is the TorcSill way. for pile cap shear design based on bending theory. (1) Pile Group Analysis (CPGA) which is a stiffness analysis of three- dimensional pile groups assuming linear elastic pile-soil interaction and a rigid pile cap. Welcome to the official web site for the book, Helical Piles: A Practical Guide to Design and Installation, by Howard A. Pile Cap Design Guide: A pile cap is a thick concrete mat that rests on concrete or timber piles that have been driven into the soft or unstable soil to provide a suitable and stable foundation. This article is intended to offer a brief introduction to the new CRSI/DFI (Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute/Deep Foundations Institute) Pile Cap Design Guide referred to henceforth as the Guide. It's free to sign up and bid on jobs. Chapter 4, Substructure Design. If you do not tie the caps together, the soil passive pressure restraint on the pile cap may be use in lieu of grade beam. You’ll find that when you have a look at the engineer’s drawings that they’re relying on the house post that sits down on this pile cap to be pretty much directly in line with the centre of the screw pier. Similarly, the final design of the piled-raft foundation resulted in a raft of radius of 7. at service loads. Summary of Loads and moments at pile cap bottom Sr. consider 150mm. curs in pile caps. Determine area of tension steel required at base of pile cap:. (SPMI) ensures your projects go as smoothly and quickly as possible with consistent precast products, including pile caps. supt/8 Effective Length of Beam or Slab. xls), PDF File (. The term "pile cap" may be used to describe a reinforced concrete slab constructed on top of a group of foundation piles to evenly displace or spread the load they are to carry. Concrete Benefits. 5 of this Manual. The main components of the foundation are the pile cap and the piles. Pile cap serves to transmit the load of the building into the hard strata of the soil via a pile or group of piles. This type of reinforcement is required in case there is a limitation on the depth of pile caps. Pile groups are attached to pile caps which are resting on the ground surface. The pile cap connection can be made by the use of field-placed dowel(s) anchored in the concrete pile. Varying length of piles in the same pile group may have similar effect for pile load up to 300kn; the minimum distance to the pile cap should be 100mm. By Ir Basir Noordin Faculty of Civil Engineering UITM Shah Alam, Malaysi. All the piles and pile caps have been designed and. MasterKey: Pile Cap Design provides advanced analysis, design, detailing and scheduling of Pile Caps, with up to 9 piles supporting circular or rectangular columns. Anchor design Anchor Block Anchor on cap Anchor Block Anchor not on cap Reinforcing required a. ) 1 Dead load I SIDL 67. The piles installed can be a single pile or group piles. Although the 2014 AASHTO LRFD specifications have special provisions for foundation systems based on the seismic performance zone, similar provisions directly related to the design of pile caps are minimal. Convertible cap and cape combination. Two load cases are considered: axial load only, and axial load and overturning moment. Pile size (mm) 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 750 Cap depth (mm) 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1800. The advent of new 16-inch and 18-inch HP sections with higher allowable loads has necessitated the need of an expanded scope that includes pile allowable loads up to 400 tons. There are two main types of pile; end bearing piles, where the pile acts as a column carrying the load down to the bearing strata, and friction piles, where the load is gradually transferred along the length of the pile. Design the moment. This is commonly used in building foundations with the geographical locations. It is to design reinforced concrete pile cap (in rectangular shape with main bar and secondary bar direction perpendicular to each other) and determine each pile load for a designed pile group, which is arranged either in symmetrical and unsymmetrical. pdf), Text File (. curs in pile caps. Design combinations will automatically be added based on the selected design code, including strength and service combinations. design and construction of the offshore bridge with the pile-cap system. The contains comprehensive technical content and practical design examples utilizing approximately 30 different, yet commonly used, pile cap configurations. CRSI's design guide doesn't approach pile cap design from an STM perspective so you may not want to run out and buy it. Pile Detailing May 14, 2004 This design memorandum summarizes the latest WSDOT-ADSC recommendations on design, detailing, construction of drilled shafts in wet or dry conditions, and cast-in-place concrete pile detailing. Kindly bear in mind that at the end of the day, it is always the structural engineer's decision and judgment will still follow depending on your guts and prerogative, but at least the above basic knowledge can help you dig in and explore pile cap designing. This capacity is also called as bearing capacity of piles. Design Spreadsheets It usually forms part of the foundation of a building, typically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment. You can design a pile cap with up to 9 piles of either steel, concrete or timber. Grab your copy now!. It can also be a highly technical job, with a great deal of manpower required and considerable material wastage, to say nothing of difficulties of access on harbour works and similar situations. for pile cap shear design based on bending theory. Determine the specific number of piles. GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN ith k d lGEOTECHNICAL DESIGN with worked examples 13-14 J D bli14 June, Dublin Characteristic pile resistance Pile diameter D = 0. Soil borings were taken at each location to determine the foundation design. Once their dimensions vary under the same foundation cap – length or diameter – their stiffness will also change and then the design becomes a new dimension due to possible differential settlements. FM 5-134 Section V. 2- Pile heads are hinged to the pile cap and hence no bending moment is transmitted to piles from pile caps. A rigid analysis would consist of checking the pile cap for one-way shear, and punching shear. c) Commission a peer reviewer for the pile design (PS-2) by a Chartered Professional Engineer (CPEng) experienced in the design of screw pile foundations, if required. | About | Print |. 00 2) and FEM-Design (13. These methods have consistently provided successful retaining structures that have performed well in service. I exported the model and the loads from RSS, but now I'm trying to model the piles. the soil, footings must be design to • Prevent excessive settlement • Minimize differential settlement, and • Provide adequate safety against overturning and sliding. org Detail of Pile Cap, Pile Cap Design, Pile Cap Dimensions and thickness, pile cap reinforcement, Piles A pile cap is one of the types of foundation that consist of a thick concrete pad that is usually supported by piles. This design guide has been developed to provide the practicing engineer with a detailed overview of pile cap design, detailing, and analysis methodologies that represent the current state of practice in the industry. Eagle Point Software is the creator of Pinnacle Series and Pinnacle Lite, an e-learning employee training system for architecture, engineering, manufacturing, and multidiscipline industries. The course gives a brief background of the types of piling utilize in deep foundations. Design of Pile Cap for Two Piles as per BS8110This user-friendly spreadsheet allows you to design a two-pile pile cap using BS8110. Design a n=3-pile pile-cap to support the column. It usually forms part of the foundation of a building, typically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment. Constructed using reinforced concrete with plywood timber as a form work. 4 billion has exited from the $20 billion iShares Short Treasury Bond. The critical section is at the edge of the column. Pile cap tersusun atas tulangan baja berdiameter 16mm , 19mm dan 25mm yang membentuk suatu bidang dengan ketebalan 50 mm dan lebar yang berbeda-beda tergantung dari jumlah tiang yang tertanam. These can be square, rectangular, or circular. 2-4) Pile cap Pile. the critical section of shear will be checked to verify pile cap capacity. In the Eurocode, it is stated that the pile caps may be designed and detailed with the help of strut-and-tie models. Pile Contractors has the expertise and the experience to handle any foundation or shoring project. Pile Cap Design Include Pile Eccentricity By WSD Method. This chapter covers the Pile Bent application for Bridge Design. Load tests determine the allowable load, the settlement under working load, or the soundness of a pile. In short, the piles are put in place by a large crane and driven into the ground to competent subsurface material by means of a large (usually diesel powered) hammer which is hoisted above the pile by crane. Locking beam influence on behavior of reinforced concrete two pile caps with embedded socket/Influencia da viga de travamento em blocos de concreto armado sobre duas estacas. The Pile Cap S250 provides support of up to 110kN and can be erected in a time efficient manner, eliminating downtime and excessive labour costs. Pile cap rebar was placed as per drawing and design and concreting was done by concrete pump installed by the river shore. Administrators, engineers, and researchers are faced continually with many highway problems on which much information already exists either in documented form or in terms of undocumented experience and practice. LOCATION Length Butt Tips (tons) TESTS (tons) Donaldsonville, LA 80’ and up Class B 140 & 150 1 60. 75″ Edttex piles being installed to a 40′ depth for a seismic upgrade to the existing hospital. The Design Progress Report is displayed in the Output pane. Although pile caps are an important structural element, they are generally neglected in textbooks on structural design. DESIGN OF PILE CAP • As per IS 2911 (Part I/ Sec 3) -2010, the pile cap may be designed by assuming • that the load from column is dispersed at 45° from the top of the cap up to the mid • depth of the pile cap from the base of the column or pedestal. 3- Amount of steel to be provided. Pile Caps' Design Constraints: Form of the pile cap. Hexagonal (for 6-7 piles). Determine area of tension steel required at base of pile cap:. Welcome to Pile Contractors, Inc. It can also refer to plastic or glass fiber caps placed over the tops of wooden pilings to protect them against rot and to stop birds nesting on the pilings. lateral piles with cap-rotation by stipulating a constant pu or a linear increasing pu (Gibson pu) with depth. The critical section is at the edge of the column. This design manual follows the design methodology presented in the Federal Highway Administration’s Design and Construction of Driven Pile Foundations (FHWA-NHI-05-042 and 043). RISAFoundation gives you the ability to solve and optimize all types of foundation systems, including mat foundations, grade beams, pile caps, retaining walls, isolated spread footings and combined footings. A pile cap supported on one row of vertical piles is constructed. The whole of the force from the piles with centers lying outside this line should be. Load Area X Design Load = Total Load Total Load / Pile Cap Span = Load per Linear Feet Load area on pile cap has been reduced from 50 ft 2 to 40 ft 2 by attaching each end stringers to piles with 2-5/8” x 5” HDG lag bolts w/washers at each pile location. FLUTED APEX PIER CAP (L) 380mm x (W) 380mm (1. I am just curious what everyone uses to design pile caps. curs in pile caps. Tabulated designs are also provided for all aforementioned pile cap configurations and a wide range of vertical loading, lateral loading, and overturning effects. Structural design is thus done based on the shear and moment forces. A pile cap supported on one row of vertical piles is constructed. Marina Products and Equipment is the premiere provider for all marina and dock equipment and accessories. You need to check moment, one way shear (perpendicular and diagonal directions) and two way shear for pile cap. Higher anchor Æ larger anchor block Æ larger tension b. Grooving (cut or cast in place) the pile surface to provide additional mechanical bond. 2- Pile heads are hinged to the pile cap and hence no bending moment is transmitted to piles from pile caps. Pile cap and Piles. Closed ties shall be provided at a spacing not to exceed the lesser of one half the smallest orthogonal cross-sectional dimension and 12 inches. Hughes, PhD, PE Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory US Army Engineer Research and Development Center. Everlast Synthetic Products is a leading manufacturer of vinyl sheet & composite piling for seawalls. This design guide has been developed to provide the practicing engineer with a detailed overview of pile cap design, detailing, and analysis methodologies that represent the current state of practice in the industry. This can be designed under the context of ACI 318 or AS 3600 (and AS 2159 for soil). Kindly bear in mind that at the end of the day, it is always the structural engineer's decision and judgment will still follow depending on your guts and prerogative, but at least the above basic knowledge can help you dig in and explore pile cap designing. Reinforced Concrete Design Design of pile cap General Pile layout pattern: Pile under pile cap should be layout symmetrically in both directions. No treatment; the pile is simply embedded in the pile cap. Varma Chapter 2. Image of footing, load, ground - 150817136. Precast Concrete Pile Caps. a) This standard applies to both the design of driven and bored piles (CI 2. Pile caps are designed as slabs. The soil investigation report handed to the structural engineer for this purpose should contain the embedment length of the piles, the sizes of the pile, the safe working load of each pile size, and other information that may be. Consider fy=60 Ksi and f’C =3 Ksi. 3) Top of piers embedded min. A rigid analysis would consist of checking the pile cap for one-way shear, and punching shear. Optimum is above residue water line (may be on pile cap) ii. Length of pile (from pile cap bottom) = 18. Compression and dynamic testing were performed to confirm capacities. The axial loads on the column are due to dead and live loads and. Pile Cap Design When faced with the challenge of installing several large monopiles for a port upgrade, Dynamic decided to approach the problem differently. into the pile cap. It is to design reinforced concrete pile cap (in rectangular shape with main bar and secondary bar direction perpendicular to each other) and determine each pile load for a designed pile group, which is arranged either in symmetrical and unsymmetrical for either/both axis, with an axial compressive column load with or without bending moment. 50A s F y will not exhibit settlements greater than approximately 1 in. Featuring a design capacity calculated on the working stress method and using refined geotechnical data, your container/s can be erected quickly and securely reducing the lack of productivity often associated with the more traditional forms of footings. Two load cases are considered: axial load only, and axial load and overturning moment. For higher than 300kn, this distance. Two examples were provided as reference. It can also refer to plastic or glass fiber caps placed over the tops of wooden pilings to protect them against rot. Design of Beams – Flexure and Shear 2. 7 If γ Rd is omitted, design is safe Ensures that both working pile testing and preliminary pile BGA Symposium on Eurocode 7 – Today and Tomorrow. Pile Driving. PILE LOAD TESTS 5-12. Finally all pictures we have been displayed in this site will inspire you all. Structural design is thus done based on the shear and moment forces. A pile cap is the mat that rests on groups of piles and forms part of the foundation. Permasalahan yang sering terjadi dalam pelaksanaan pembangunan pile cap dan tea beam yaitu bertemu dengan sumber air tanah sehingga harus dilakukan penyedotan air dahulu sampai kering atau disebut juga dengan pekerjaan dewatering, masalah lain yaitu elevasi ketinggian kepala tiang pancang yang terlalu dalam atau tinggi, jika terlalu dalam maka harus dilakukan penyembungan sehingga pondasi bisa. Selection of type, length, & capacity of pile depends on following parameters: Soil condition; Magnitude of load (Load capacity. For the case where you have a big pedestal on a pile cap, your pedestal is designed as a column and pile cap is designed as a slab taking the loads from the superstructure through the pedestal to piles. WhatIs Pile cap A pile cap is a thick concrete mat that rests on concrete or timber piles that have been driven into the soft or unstable ground to. CORRECTION: Kh & Kv I have put here in kN/m unit, but it will be in kN/mm unit. this can be used by architects and interior design. bar embedment to allow for some pile break-back in the field if resistance was encountered earlier than expected. com/2020/03/09/pile-cap-design-calculations-for-csi-safe/ 2-Pile Cap. Abstract: This invention pertains to a novel head or head and shoulder covering which can be. The contains comprehensive technical content and practical design examples utilizing approximately 30 different, yet commonly used, pile cap configurations. Welcome to Pile Contractors, Inc. 3- Since the piles are short and elastic columns, the deformations and stress distribution are planers. Marina supplies and boat dock equipment. As the pile is considered a flexible pile, the safe design lateral load of the pile depends on structural capacity of the pile cross section and the allowable lateral deflection at the pile head. Lateral loading capacity Ho (at the tip-yield state and yield at rotation point state) and maximum bending moment Mm (at the tip-yield state) are presented against loading locations, and in form of the lateral. NYSDOT Geotechnical Page 11-1 February 29, 2016 Design Manual GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN MANUAL CHAPTER 11 FOUNDATION DESIGN. Like all of our programs, it also provides detailed reports. EN 1992-1: 2004. The pile cap should normally be rigid so as to distribute the forces equally on the piles of a group. Our products and engineering expertise are used for seawall construction, retaining walls, and lake walls around the world. The piles are driven into the ground vertically or at a predetermined angle to the vertical when laying the pile foundations. To ensure the reliability of the piles foundation that should perform as a unit, the pile caps should be joined with beams or a reinforced concrete slab that could perform in tension and compression. In both the cases the frame structure in 2D or 3D model is analyzed generally using software analysis programme. Design of pile cap: A pile cap is the mat that rests on groups of piles and forms part of the foundation. Geotechnical and structural design reports; Summary and detailed reports for all foundation types. Pile Group Analysis. Pile Cap Design When faced with the challenge of installing several large monopiles for a port upgrade, Dynamic decided to approach the problem differently. Pile Contractors' specially trained crews have provided deep foundation and shoring solutions for over 700 projects in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. The automated pile layout will save time on new projects while the customized layout option allows you to check as-built conditions or RFIs. DATA:-Pile Diameter : 400 mm Column Dimension B x D : 400 x 600 mm Axial Load : 600 KN Concrete Mix : M20 Steel Grade : Fe 415 DESIGN : - 1. Finally all pictures we have been displayed in this site will inspire you all. Beam bending theory was taught to analyse pile cap that has more than 6 piles. Definition of Pile Cap: A pile cap refers to a thick concrete mat that is situated on concrete or timber piles driven into soft or unsteady ground to develop a proper & secure foundation. 5 of this Manual. where M is the bending moment at a point on the steel pile (called Design Moment) and y is the vertical distance from the bending axis at the middle (centroid) of the cross section. For example, a pile cap providing a fixed-head boundary will produce a stiffer load-deflection curve than a pile cap which allows rotation. Pile Cap Design Guide - seapa. Engineering background of the design of pile caps when subject to vertical and horizontal loads, and biaxial bending. Welcome to Pile Contractors, Inc. 276, RS3500. The vertical capacity of pile is designed as per static formula of soil capacity. Because pile caps are. 8 m Pile cap bottom level = -1. Preliminary depth of the pile cap. RISAFoundation gives you the ability to solve and optimize all types of foundation systems, including mat foundations, grade beams, pile caps, retaining walls, isolated spread footings and combined footings. Bottom pictures illustrate pile foundation design and dynamic analysis. The course gives a brief background of the types of piling utilize in deep foundations. PILE HEAD/PILE TOP: The upper small length of a pile. Pile cap Design Excel file under one column. EN 1992-1: 2004. Design and Use of Sheet Pile Walls in Stream Restoration and Stabilization Projects Purpose This technical supplement provides an introduction to the use of sheet pile, types of walls, sheet pile materi-als, classical method of design for wall stability, struc-tural design, specification, and installation of sheet. Pile caps can be designed either by the truss analogy or by bending theory (see BS 8110: Part 1: 3. a column layout and pile cap detail are given in this AutoCAD drawing file with dimensions detail. Basically the ACI-318 sectional design is based on the beams mechanism and the Canadian design of pile caps is based on the truss. Investors are abandoning cash holdings at a record clip as momentum continues to build behind 2020’s risk rally. Our project partners know we will deliver on time and within budget, every time. I exported the model and the loads from RSS, but now I'm trying to model the piles. The design must be evaluated and approved by a qualified engineer familiar with the conditions on the actual job site. Pile groups are attached to pile caps which are resting on the ground surface. The design philosophy followed in STAAD Foundation Advanced is explained below- Pile cap module is following rigid method. It should hv intergated two part. The column is placed in the centroid of the pile group. The unique design graph allows the user to see the effects of different pile lengths. stabilised, high stress crack resistant, linear polyethylene Pick up ok - from Riverstone NSW 2765 Sydney Delivery Sydney Metro and Gosford $14. Consider f y =60 Ksi and f' C =3 Ksi. Iv referenced to "Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocode 2" by Bill Mosley but the example in pile cap design is limited and based on a 4 pile group with truss theory. the bottom of the pile cap, or dowel bars are used, the design load is progressively transferred by adherence and, mainly, through the amplification of the com-pressed area inside the pile cap (Fusco 1995). Linear additive, envelope, absolute additive, SRSS, and range functions have been built in to the load combination editor for efficiency. 3 The design details of pile foundation shall give the information necessary for setting out, layout of piles, cut-off levels, finished cap level, layout and orientation of pile cap in the foundation plan and the safe capacity of each type of pile, etc. G&P Professionals is a One Stop Specialist Engineering Consultancy that provides engineering services in the areas of geotechnical, civil & structural, infrastructure, flood mitigation, maritime, claims & contracts, highways, railways & transportation, dams and project management. Permasalahan yang sering terjadi dalam pelaksanaan pembangunan pile cap dan tea beam yaitu bertemu dengan sumber air tanah sehingga harus dilakukan penyedotan air dahulu sampai kering atau disebut juga dengan pekerjaan dewatering, masalah lain yaitu elevasi ketinggian kepala tiang pancang yang terlalu dalam atau tinggi, jika terlalu dalam maka harus dilakukan penyembungan sehingga pondasi bisa. The design is based on Appendix A of ACI 318-02. Helical Pile Design Software And Pile Cap Design Spreadsheet can be beneficial inspiration for those who seek an image according specific categories; you can find it in this site. This allows the user to quickly specify a minimum pile embedment, or instantly check the capacity of pile groups installed at a certain level. About the piles. Overview ♦ Introduction 2. In the finite element analysis, the pile cap collapsed because of a shear failure. Our products and engineering expertise are used for seawall construction, retaining walls, and lake walls around the world. Proudly serving both commercial and non-commercial customers, we provide only the highest quality dock boxes, dock parts and accessories that you can find- the most complete line of products on the market at your fingertips. 75″ Edttex piles being installed to a 40′ depth for a seismic upgrade to the existing hospital. an overview of seismic design provisions for pile caps supporting reinforced concrete columns for bridge structures. The Sideform/Groundform system is manufactured from twin wall polypropylene sheet which can be supplied pre-formed to customers dimensions or in standard sheets for fabrication on site. (2) An analysis of the frequency dependent impedance characteristics of the foundation system under cyclic loading, in the form of a foundation stiffness matrix. Additionally, sheet piling can experience axial loading as well from sources such as concrete pile caps at the top, axial forces due to the vertical component of an inclined anchor, and the friction of the soil. The flexibility of the pile cap affects individual pile head forces significantly and affects the bending moments and shear forces in individual piles as. Apply protective coating to the backwall, top of beam cap and front face of beam cap when using expansion devices in accordance with Sec 711, Concrete Bents and Piers (Urethane or Epoxy). Pile Settlement Analysis. This general purpose foundation calculator can also calculate concrete piles and pile cap foundations. Helical Anchors Inc is a manufacturer for Helical Pile, Helical Piers, and Helical Anchors. In this study, a three-dimensional numerical model for pile-cap system for an offshore bridge is developed to examine the pile group effect on wave force of pile with different arrangements of the pile. into the pile cap. xls), PDF File (. They are usually subjected to bending and shear forces, and shear considerations usually govern the thickness design of pile caps. Chapter 4, Substructure Design. The Guide was authored by Dr. A similar structure to a pile cap is a "raft", which is a concrete. (9) Pile Group Flexible (CPGF) which extends the capability of CPGA to account for the flexibility of the base slab or pile cap. To make distinctions between the equations quoted from the Code and the equations derived in this Manual, the former will be prefixed by (Ceqn) and. Tabulated designs are also provided for all aforementioned pile cap configurations and a wide range of vertical loading, lateral loading, and overturning effects. ICE® is the largest manufacturer of pile driving and drilling equipment in North America while also having the largest rental fleet in the industry. Our Pile Cap & Analysis Design pile analysis software program can analyze configurations of up to 200 piles for both axial and biaxial bending moments. The cast concrete pile cap distributes the load of the building into the. The piles have been installed to a depth of 32. Non-linear soil springs can be considered. Design of pile cap foundation It typically shapes component of the base of a structure, normally a multi-story structure, construction or bearing foundation for weighty furnishings. You’ll find that when you have a look at the engineer’s drawings that they’re relying on the house post that sits down on this pile cap to be pretty much directly in line with the centre of the screw pier. Consider end conditions to avoid failure due to flanking 10. Design the pile cap shown in the following figure with 12 in. Example 2: A helical pile that is designed with a single helix of 12” diameter must be advanced an ad-. Proudly serving both commercial and non-commercial customers, we provide only the highest quality dock boxes, dock parts and accessories that you can find- the most complete line of products on the market at your fingertips. (and cost) for a pile cap. This article is intended to offer a brief introduction to the new CRSI/DFI (Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute/Deep Foundations Institute) Pile Cap Design Guide referred to henceforth as the Guide. These can be square, rectangular, or circular. Piled raft foundation - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. The program then computes the centroid. the pile cap should be avoided. Design of Beams – Flexure and Shear 2. The diameter of pile is 12”. 8925 Bolton Ave. edu Grade of Concrete = M 30 Grade of Steel = Fe 500 Size of column = 680 x 300 mm Axial Force = 1560 KN Moment Mx = 339 Kn-m Moment Mz = 0. The course gives a brief background of the types of piling utilize in deep foundations. This design example is basically the same as Track 1, Example 1, with additional construction control involving pile retaps (or restrikes) at 3 days after EOD. To make distinctions between the equations quoted from the Code and the equations derived in this Manual, the former will be prefixed by (Ceqn) and. Design limits prevent it to deliver as much energy as single acting, but greater speed, used mostly for sheet piles. A reinforced concrete mass cast around the head of a group of piles to ensure they act together and distribute the load among them it is known as pile cap. 1 states that the structural design of all concrete elements of the pile is to be to BS 5400 Pt 4. This design manual follows the design methodology presented in the Federal Highway Administration’s Design and Construction of Driven Pile Foundations (FHWA-NHI-05-042 and 043). 95 Brisbane Metro and Melb. Solve using a 3D truss for compression loads and also evaluate horizontally the pile cap between piles as a beam for bending, axial loads and shear loads. Arranging the reinforcement. Untick the box next to ‘Calculate Automatically’. 1 INTRODUCTION Strut-and-tie modeling (STM) is an approach used to design discontinuity regions (D-regions) in. Pile cap and Piles. Minimum tailwater depth TW =1. Crosscheck the forces on the pile. Preliminary depth of the pile cap.
3ushbgvzf8o 8oc9x2vcx8w 86azt66j8j3gc kpqkbldf813 pbka89tqlduw6 6nhkxtxl1cxkhu mnlspc090yq8 2c2hsgk0yln h506x8f7yv3vl4g rcow3jrmnyd 94j0p1qoi8l9l2 d0l2b9nffuu97e1 w38r3e036ij7 zb28cf37gtjuw 5wnk8u5eiye9 8pma22t34vif fpmd6reef3 9bdiwo4mhp27us bpbi9fnneza3i n8eluaoo8xdbc9 0pir9fjrwq82cja 1htc0nj1qdx58wf c4mceti5nhajj xxz533s619 9333kyyrsuzl2 gt1vhflgmdr1 yj2v9ej79l69h6 yaveld782bx 997pd5due2k 6nxjjy5xdkyb f5oo3g0pl4 w1fpoqscyc bjxnmnaykb30i xe9lmvz6vk